It’s never too early to start teaching children about differences among their peers. With infants and toddlers, Scott recommended using picture books that include representations of people who look different and similar to them.
“Children as young as l½ or 2 will verbalize that they see a physical difference in another child,” Scott said. “We need to follow the curiosity. We need to not shame that and instead help make sense of it, normalize it, and talk about what is the same between them and the person they’re observing for the first time.”
Some differences may be invisible to children, so explaining developmental and learning disabilities can help children understand various types of ability. These discussions can include the autism spectrum, dyslexia, dysgraphia, and attention deficit (hyperactivity) disorder and should also mention the strengths
of children with these diagnoses.
In a school environment, social workers and educators can focus on unique aspects of disability education.